Also known as the “Barceloneta” the little Barcelona, is the capital of Riviera del Corallo and preserves the language and traditions of Catalonia. The etymology of the name is assumed to be due to word Aleguerium (seaweed), because of the poseidonia that settles on its coastline. In its waters is present in the greatest abundance of the precious red coral that is of significant economic importance, so much so that one branch of it, is inserted into the arms of the city .
Founded in the twelfth century by the Doria, it is located in the north-west coast of Sardinia, thanks to its strategic position, was one of the Maritime Republics. In mid-1300 the Doria sold the territory to Peter IV of Aragon and part of the Republic of Genoa, thus creating an inevitable clash that led to the victory of the Catalan-Aragonese. There were other subsequent acquisition attempts by Arborea and only in 1412 was recaptured by the Doria and Eleanora d’ Arborea acquiring the title of Royal City in 1501. The kingdom of Sardinia in 1720 passed to Savoy who not apportarono changes to the linguistic and cultural traditions of Alghero.
POINTS OF INTERST
Its ancient history is evidenced by nuragic complex as Palmavera, a composite Nuraghe formed of several towers and the largest meeting hut of island. A few kilometers away, in the direction of Capocaccia, you can also visit the important site Sant’Imbenia, with some very special huts and fundamental to the testimonies of the attendance of the Phoenicians. In the locality I Piani, we find the necropolis of Anghelu Ruju, the largest in Sardinia. The name is due to the rocks of red ocher used in ancient times for the rites of blood and regeneration. It is located on the mountain of the same name, the necropolis of Santu Pedru and consists of ten trachytic rock-cut tombs, many of them in ruins, the most important is the one called “tomb of the tetrapods vessels” because of the discovery of two vessels with four feet ; Also worth mentioning is the fourth that in the early medieval age was turned into a church in the main bedroom and there is the presence of two altars dedicated to Saint Peter and Saint Lucia.
In the old town center, many churches are important in terms of architecture: the Cathedral of Saint Mary of the sixteenth century, the church of San Francesco with the convent and the church of San Michele, dedicated to the patron, with its dome externally coated with tiles polychrome, which has become one of the symbols of the city. Many buildings that belonged to noble or aristocratic families, of various epochs: Gothic, as the Palazzo de Ferrera or Machin, baroque Savoy instead is the Palazzo Serra, and Neoclassical period the Civic Theatre. More than twenty prestigious ones, testifying as an important strategic role.
Alghero has retained about 70% of its walls with its 7 towers and 3 forts. The ramparts of the Catalan-Aragonese era, recently restored, surround the old town until you join the Lungomare Dante, built in the fifties. Must see MareNostrum Aquarium Museum and the Corallum Museum. Very attractive is the Ethnographic Museum Sella and Mosca into the wine estate. Among the most famous wines of this winery stands out Anghelu Ruju, whose name comes from vineyards that are around the archaeological site, and the Vermentino. There are many possibilities for stay for tourists, various B&B inside and outside the walls, but also guest houses, holiday flats, and hotel, while the solution for campers to stay in camping under a pine forest of eucalyptus and juniper that extends to the beautiful white sand beach of the Lido of Alghero. Fertilia Airport is located 6 km from Alghero city center easily accessible thanks to transfer service, rental car or bus rental.
Primary site of natural interest, the protected marine area of Capo Caccia – Isola Piana, with a spectacular sea cave, Neptune’s Grotto, accessible by boat from the service line of the Caves, departing from the marina or from “Escala Cabirol “(scale of the roe deer), consisting of 660 steps and” carved “on the ridge of the promontory. Start with the great room of the Lamarmora Lake, one of the largest salt lakes in Europe and in the hall Smith stands the Great Organ, the largest column of the entire cave. On the east side of the promontory, accessible only by sea, there are the Cave of Embroidery and the Green Grotto.
For climbing lovers, the Via Ferrata del Capirol, along the walls that look to the west, up to 203 meters high, in that portion of the coast between the viewpoint of Foradada and the Caves of Neptune.
Not far from the village of Tramariglio, you can go trekking in the protected Noah’s Ark, a vast area that includes Mt Timidone and Punta Cristallo, where you can admire the flight of the griffon vulture and the beautiful Cala d’Inferno where the repaired sea lets you snorkel. Other items recommended are the Cala Dragunara, Punta Giglio, the two caves of the island of Porto Conte and Foradada, the largest natural harbor in the Mediterranean, and you can also do some pleasant excursion riding a horse and trekkingbike.
Diving enthusiasts can enjoy the most spectacular environments in the Mediterranean, with the Nereo Cave, the largest sea cave in Europe, and the Cave of Ghosts so called because of the particular shape of the rocks. For those who loves lakes, there is Lake Baratz (the only natural freshwater lake in Sardinia) with the surrounding pine trees, where during the retreat of the German army were immersed weapons and ammunition.
The coast of Alghero extends over than 80 kilometers, with more than 30 beaches among which are: Le Bombarde with a Bathing establishments and Sailing Center; San Giovanni which is opposite to the districts turistici, Cala Burantinu and Porto Ferro, very popular for surfing and windsurfing.
Many events involve tourists who stay in the city. At Easter, during Holy Week , there is the most important religious festival of Spanish origin . During the fair of St. John the particular artistic event Los Pintores de La Muralla that from June 21 until October are protagonists along Bastioni Magellano, many painters of the Cultural Nonprofit AlguerArte who create their works before the eyes of passers-by. In July there is the Grand Prix City of Coral Algher, an evening with athletes, journalists, and fiction sports-themed, while in the first week of August, the picturesque sea procession in honor of Our Lady of Mercy . Many sporting events , such as car race Alghero- Scale Piccada , sailing regattas, marathons, swimming and climbing on the promontory of Capo Caccia ; the most famous festival is that of Bogamarí (sea urchin), from February to April, a period in which it is more flavorful and meaty. For the entire month of December, and also to the beginning of January there is the Cap d’Any de l’ Alguer, (New Year’s Eve in Alghero) known throughout the island with its many shows and concerts that animate it.
The craftsmanship of Alghero is based on to the creation of jewelry especially red coral,but also for the baskets (especially the tradition of fishing lobsters).
Famous aragosta all’algherese, coppazza, spaghetti with sea urchins and spaghetti alla bottarga, salted monzette cooked in the oven and paella of Alghero, catalana cream, the menjar blanc, the Coral tomato, Camona tomato and thistles.